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Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms and Treatment


Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a mental disorder that belongs to the group of mental illnesses and it causes intense mood swings, impulsive behaviors, and severe problems with self-worth. The Borderline personality disorder affects how you feel about yourself, how do you relate to others and how do you behave. It is also characterized by severe impulsivity and as with other personality disorders; BPD usually begins by early adulthood. It is characterized by a consistent pattern of thinking, feeling, and interacting with others and with the world that tends to cause significant problems for the sufferer.

Due to BPD individuals have extreme difficulties regulating their emotions and include intense anger, chaotic relationships, impulsivity, unstable sense of self, suicide attempts, self-harm, shame, fears of abandonment, and chronic feelings of emptiness. Specifically, BPD tends to be associated with a pattern of unstable ways of seeing oneself, feeling, behaving, and relating to others.

Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder

People with BPD often have highly unstable patterns of social relationships and they can develop intense attachments, their attitudes toward family, friends, and loved ones. Symptoms of borderline personality disorder may include:

  1. Intense emotions and mood swings.
  2. Awareness of destructive behavior, including self-injury, but sometimes feeling unable to change it.
  3. Unstable self-image, in that the patient may drastically and rapidly change in the way they perceive their own likes, dislikes strengths, weaknesses, goals, and intrinsic value as a person.
  4. Repeated suicidal thoughts or behaviors, or self-mutilation such as cutting or burning themselves.
  5. Tendency to see things in black and white.
  6. Often have extreme mood swings that cycle very rapidly throughout the course of a single day.
  7. Pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation.
  8. Chronic feelings of emptiness.
  9. Irritable and anxious much of the time.

Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder

Proper treatment can help you feel better about yourself and help you live a more stable bur Borderline personality disorder can be hard to treat. And many people with the disorder have troubled relationships with their counselors and doctors.

But Different forms of psychotherapy have been found to effectively treat BPD. Treatment may include:

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

CBT can help people with borderline personality disorder identify and change core beliefs and behaviors that underlie inaccurate perceptions of themselves and others and problems interacting with others. CBT may help reduce a range of mood and anxiety symptoms and reduce the number of suicidal or self-harming behaviors.

Counseling and therapy

It's important to find a counselor you can build a stable relationship with. Try to find a counselor who has special training in treating this disorder.

Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)

DBT addresses problems that individuals with borderline personality disorder often have relating to others and managing their behaviors and feelings. DBT teaches skills to control intense emotions, reduces self-destructive behaviors, and improves relationships. This therapy differs from CBT in that it seeks a balance between changing and accepting beliefs and behaviors.

Disclaimer: This site is for educational purposes only. The information provided should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease. If you have, or suspect you have a health problem, you should consult your health care provider.