What is Hydrocephalus?
Hydrocephalus is a situation in which abnormal fluid develops in the brain of the baby. Hydrocephalus is a mixture of two words i.e. hydro means water and cephalus means head there it is also called as "water on the brain".
Causes of Hydrocephalus
- Hydrocephalus may cause Stenoses of the aqueduct of Sylvius which is because of deformity.
- Dandy-Walker malformation this affects to the infants.
- Congenital toxoplasmosis may responsible for this disease in new born.
- It can also occur because of mall lesion, cysts, abscesses, or hematoma.
- Prematurity, head injury can also be result in hydrocephalus.
- Infection of bacteria and cysticercosis may cause to this disease.
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage cause this disease in adults.
- Idiopathic hydrocephalus and head injury may also responsible for this disease.
- Prior posterior fossa surgery is also responsible for this disease.
Symptoms of Hydrocephalus
- Inflammation of the head and expansion of skulls.
- Irritability and poor feeding
- Vomiting and Weakness
- Visual problem
- Blurred or double vision
- Walking difficulties.
- Poor coordination
Treatment of Hydrocephalus
- Medical treatment is useful only for avoiding surgical treatment because medical treatment is not success in the the treatment of chronic hydrocephalus.
- Surgical treatment is very useful for this disease.
- Choroid plexectomy or choroid plexus coagulations are effective for the treatment of this disease.
- Cerebral aqueductoplasty is used to treat membranous and short-segment stenoses of the sylvian aqueduct.
- Shunts are effective treatment for this disease.
- Ventriculoperitoneal shunt is a treatment which is usually used to treat.