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Hydrocephalus: Symptoms, Cause and Treatment


What is Hydrocephalus?

Hydrocephalus is a situation in which abnormal fluid develops in the brain of the baby. Hydrocephalus is a mixture of two words i.e. hydro means water and cephalus means head there it is also called as "water on the brain".

Causes of Hydrocephalus

  • Hydrocephalus may cause Stenoses of the aqueduct of Sylvius which is because of deformity.
  • Dandy-Walker malformation this affects to the infants.
  • Congenital toxoplasmosis may responsible for this disease in new born.
  • It can also occur because of mall lesion, cysts, abscesses, or hematoma.
  • Prematurity, head injury can also be result in hydrocephalus.
  • Infection of bacteria and cysticercosis may cause to this disease.
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage cause this disease in adults.
  • Idiopathic hydrocephalus and head injury may also responsible for this disease.
  • Prior posterior fossa surgery is also responsible for this disease.

Symptoms of Hydrocephalus

  • Inflammation of the head and expansion of skulls.
  • Irritability and poor feeding
  • Lethargy.
  • Headache
  • Vomiting and Weakness
  • Visual problem
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Walking difficulties.
  • Poor coordination

Treatment of Hydrocephalus

  • Medical treatment is useful only for avoiding surgical treatment because medical treatment is not success in the the treatment of chronic hydrocephalus.
  • Surgical treatment is very useful for this disease.
  • Choroid plexectomy or choroid plexus coagulations are effective for the treatment of this disease.
  • Cerebral aqueductoplasty is used to treat membranous and short-segment stenoses of the sylvian aqueduct.
  • Shunts are effective treatment for this disease.
  • Ventriculoperitoneal shunt is a treatment which is usually used to treat.
 

Disclaimer: This site is for educational purposes only. The information provided should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease. If you have, or suspect you have a health problem, you should consult your health care provider.