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Edward's Syndrome: Symptoms, Cause and Treatment

What is Edward's Syndrome?

Edward's Syndrome is an ordinary tsisomy comes comes after down syndrome. Edward's syndrome is also called trisomy 18 and it happens due to the occurrence of three set of chromosome 18. patient of this disease always have problem in their heart, lung and digestive system.

Causes of Edward's Syndrome

Edward's Syndrome occurs due to extra 18 chromosome which can be noticed by amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling.

Symtoms of Edward's Syndrome

  • Patient find difficulty in growth.
  • They face difficulty in feeding and breathing.
  • Mental retardation
  • Polyhydramnios and small placenta.
  • Small head, small mouth and small jaw.
  • Widely-spaced eyes and upturned nose.
  • Underdeveloped thumb and nails or may be absent.
  • Kidney malformations
  • Heart defects.
  • Crossed legs
  • Malformed kidney
  • Affected baby may have umbilical or inguinal hernia
  • Abnormal ears
  • Coloboma of iris and short sternum
  • Short breastbone
  • Discomfort in the bowels.

Treatment of Edward's Syndrome

The heal for this disease is not found therefore the treatment is associated with symptoms.

  • Babies dysphagia clinic or feeding specialist is essential for the feeding problem and for other difficulties G-tube is require.
  • Parents of baby with low weight gain due to heart defects may consult with nutritionist.
  • A stool softener medication is useful to reduce irritation of children.
  • Hearing aides and glasses is helpful for them who have hearing and visual problem.
  • Physical and occupational therapy is useful to increase motor skill.
  • Anti-gas medication should used to treat the problem of gas in the bowels.
  • Surgical treatment may be require for the disease like spina bifida, and hydrocephalus.

Disclaimer: This site is for educational purposes only. The information provided should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease. If you have, or suspect you have a health problem, you should consult your health care provider.