Anxiety Depression Treatment

Anxieties and Phobias

These are normal reactions to stress, which may be obvious or unidentified. All of us worry and become distressed under different circumstances but when fears and anxieties are abnormal and prevent a person from carrying out everyday activities help is needed.

Excessive anxieties may be associated with obsessive thoughts and actions.

Often there is a compulsion to check things and repeat things over and over again. One of the most common rituals is hand washing, and some people feel so anxious that they feel it is essential to wash their hands many, many times a day. They may become obsessed with dirt and germs. Other people worry excessively about noises or the wind or heights.

Anxieties, panic attacks and phobias can be paralyzing, but the earlier help is sought, the more likely that the condition will be alleviated or even cured.

Why do anxieties and phobias occur?

Sometimes these disorders occur as a result of a severe, real stress such as a road traffic accident. Sometimes they occur because people set themselves unrealistic goals.

Symptoms of anxiety and phobias

  • Sweating
  • Palpitations (when the heart is felt to thud quickly)
  • Fainting
  • Diarrhoeaand other bowel symptoms
  • Hyperventilation (abnormally rapid breathing)

Treatment of Anxieties and Phobias

  • Talking about the problems
  • Trying, with support, to work through them
  • Psychotherapy
  • Relaxation therapy
  • Meditation
  • Yoga
  • Emergency medication (such as diazepam)
  • Longer-term medication (such as risperidone)
  • Support from self-help groups and friends
  • The Samaritans

Disclaimer: This site is for educational purposes only. The information provided should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease. If you have, or suspect you have a health problem, you should consult your health care provider.